Bible Reading 2020 Day 52

ChronBibBlogToday’s Reading: Leviticus 24-25

Leviticus 24 gives instructions for keeping the lamp burning, outside the veil of testimony in the tent of meeting and for setting up the bread on the table.

Then we see an incident where a man blasphemes the Divine Name, and curses. With witnesses to lay judgement, the one who did such was to be stoned.

The reminder of the chapter gives examples for “eye for eye, tooth for tooth.”

Leviticus 25 gives instruction for a year of Jubilee for property, household management, and provisions for the disadvantaged.  The Israelites could work the land for six years, but on the let seventh year, the land was to be given a sabbath, and allowed to rest.

Every fifty years, real estate purchased over the previous forty-nine years was to be returned to its original owner.  If any Hebrew fell on hard times and had to sell himself into slavery, he and his sons were also released o the yer of Jubilee.

Verse 55 sums up the idea that they all belonged to God:

For the sons of Israel are My servants; they are My servants whom I brought out from the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.

Go over to WB Moore’s Biblical Insights to read his thoughts on today’s passage.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Bible Reading 2020 Day 51

ChronBibBlogToday’s Reading: Leviticus 22-23

Leviticus 22  is a list of rules that told priests when they couldn’t eat or touch holy donations or offerings.  If a priest was ritually unclean, he had to stay away from holy things until he went through a cleansing routine. Afterwards, he could eat holy food in the evening.  Any tenant or hired servant in his home, could not eat of the holy food. Anyone born in his house could eat of it, and any bought slave could eat.  But, if his daughter married a layman, could not partake.  God instructed the priests and the Israelites  not to bring injured or blemished animals for sacrifice.   There are other rules about animals and their offspring not offered on the same day.  A animal could not be offered until it was eight days old.

Leviticus 23 talks about holidays and feasts the Hebrews were to celebrate.

It starts with the Sabbath, then Passover, Feast of Unleavened Bread,  Feast of Firstfruits, Festival of Weeks, Feast of Trumpets, Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur), and the Feast of Tabernacles or Booths.

Go over to WB Moore’s Biblical Insights for more on today’s reading.

 

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Bible Reading 2020 Day 50

ChronBibBlogToday’s reading: Leviticus 19-21

Leviticus 19 gets to the core of all the rules, rituals, and purity: “You shall be holy, because I, Yehovah, your God, am holy.”

This chapter lists some rules (This isn’t the full list):
Honor parents, keep Sabbath, keep the altar pure, don’t worship hand-made idols.
Then were instructions for community unity.
They were instructed on how to fairly treat the poor, the weak, and the aliens. and don’t favor the wealthy.
No stealing, pay your employees, use accurate weights and measures.
Keep agreements, especially if a vow was made in God’s name.
There was not to be revenge or grudges.

A few more of the rules:
They were not to breed two types of cattle, or sow two types of seed in a field, or wear two types of clothes.
They were to have no tattoos because pagans and slaves wore tattoos.
They were to not go to mediums or spiritists.
They were to honor the elderly.
When trees were planted, no produce was to be eaten for the first three years, the fourth year, the produce was to be given to God, then, yer five, the produce was theirs to enjoy.

Leviticus 20 God told the Israelites to set themselves apart from the people of other nations.   Many of the rules we have seen are repeated here, including some penalties. There are mentions of sacrificing children, honoring parents, forbiding incest and adultery.  They are being reminded of the sin in the land they are going to and that they should avoid it.

Leviticus 21 gives instructions for priests.  They can take care of the bodies of close dead relatives.  They could only marry Hebrew virgins.  No sons with physical defects could serve as priests.

Go over to WB Moore’s Biblical Insights for more on today’s reading.

 

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Bible Reading 2020 Day 49

ChronBibBlogToday’s Reading: Leviticus 16-18

In Leviticus 16, God talked to Moses about instructions for Aaron and his sons.  If they  didn’t want to die in the temple, Aaron had to make atonement for his family. God gave instructions for the ritual that will make atonement.

Aaron had to dress in the holy garments (and undergarments) and bring a young bull to the Tabernacle for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering.  He went to the Israelites and for their atonement, he got a ram for burnt offering and two male goats for a sin offering.  Aaron then took out a couple of lots, these were flat stones, sticks, or square shaped stones, similar to dice. Aaron cast the lots to figure out which goat would be sacrificed and which one would be the “scapegoat.”

Aaron had to first offer for his own atonement, which he did by sacrificing his bull.  Then he burned the holy incense so that the smoke covered the Ark of the Covenant. He took bull blood and sprinkled it on  the east side and front of the mercy seat.  Then he sacrifices the chosen goat as a sin offering and sprinkles that blood on the mercy seat for the sins of the people.

Then, Aaron put his hands on the head of the scapegoat and confesses all of Israel’s sins. The scapegoat was then driven off in the wilderness.

Aaron then bathes, changes clothes, an offered the other two rams as burnt offerings.

After this, the Tabernacle and the people are pure.   God commanded that every year on the tenth day of the seventh month this would be a day of atonement or Yom Kippur.

In Leviticus 17, God told the Israelites not to make sacrifices to goat-demons.

The people were making sacrifices in the fields when animals were killed, and God instructed them that no Israelite could eat meat from cattle, goats, or sheep unless it had been sacrificed at the Tabernacle.

If the people hunted wild animals for food, they had to pour out the blood and cover it with dirt.

If a person ate meat from an animal that died naturally or was torn apart by other animals, had to must wash his clothes and take a bath, and was unclean until evening.

Leviticus 18 contains rules of  sexual nature.

The first several rules are about not “exposing the nakedness” of certain family members. These would be rules of incest.  These incest rules were about sexual relationships with women who are widowed, divorced, or not married to someone else.  These rules also made it unlawful to have sex with combinations of women within a family, such as sleeping with two sisters, sleeping with a mother and daughter, or sleeping with a wife and her sister.

Again, it was stressed not to have intercourse with a woman during her cycle.

Committing adultery was forbidden.

The people are commanded not to sacrifice their children to Molech.  It was also forbidden for  males to lie with one another as one lies with a female, as was intercourse with any animal.

The emphasis was the purity of God’s land. If the Israelites and the people who lived among them, polluted the holy land by performing these acts, they were told the  land would spew (vomit) them out.

Go over to WB Moore’s Biblical Insights for more on today’s reading.

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Bible Reading 2020 Day 48

ChronBibBlogToday’s Reading: Leviticus 14-15

Leviticus 14 begins with what happened when a skin condition was determined to be clear, by a priest:
*  For the purification process, the one who had the condition had to shave off all body hair and bathe.
*  The person also had to take two birds to the priest. One bird was sacrificed. The priest then dipped the living bird in its blood and sprinkled the blood seven times on the person being purified. Then the lie bird was released.
* Then, a sin offering. a burnt offering, and a grain offering had to be offered.

If you remember in chapter 13,  we saw that clothes could have “leprosy.”  It was a condition of mold or mildew.  well, here, we see it in a house. To deal with the problem,  they removed the moldy stones. If the problem continued, the house had to be torn down and disposed of outside the city to a place already considered unclean.  If the problem was repaired, the priest declared it clean and the ceremony with two birds as a purification ritual had to be done.

Leviticus 15 deals with a man with a bodily discharge. He was considered unclean. Any bed, chair, or saddle he touched became unclean,along with any people who touched him or these items he had slept on, sat on, or rode on.  The people had to bathe and was their clothes.  When the discharge stopped, he had to count seven days for cleansing, washing his clothes and bathing his body in running water. On the eighth day, he had to take doves or two young pigeons, to the priest.   One was for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering, to make atonement.

If a man had a seminal emission, he had to bathe and was considered unclean until evening.  If it got on any garment or  leather, it had to be washed and it was unclean until evening.

If a man had intercourse with a woman and a seminal emission happened, they both had to bathe in water and be unclean until evening.

The rest of this chapter has rules for dealing with a woman’s menstrual flow.  She was unclean for seven days, and everything she touched was unclean, like her chair and bed.  If a man had intercourse with her during this time, also became unclean for seven days.  If her flow continued more than seven days, she was unclean for seven days after it stopped. On the eighth day, she also presented two doves or pigeons for sacrifice.

God said in verse 31, why this was important:

 “Thus you shall keep the sons of Israel separated from their uncleanness, so that they will not die in their uncleanness by their defiling My tabernacle that is among them.”

Go over to WB Moore’s Biblical Insights for more on today’s reading.

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Bible Reading 2020 Day 47

ChronBibBlogToday’s Reading: Leviticus 11-13

Leviticus 11 introduces dietary laws for animals.  The first law was that the Israelites could eat a land mammal that had a split hoof and chewed its cud.  The animals mentioned for sacrifice:  cattle, goats and sheep,  have split hooves and chew their cud.  The other animals were ceremonially unclean.   Not only could the Israelites not eat the ritually unclean animals, they were not supposed to touch their dead carcasses.

For water animals to be eaten, they had to have fins and scales.

A list of forbidden birds (including bats) is mentioned.  These are birds that feed on forbidden foods and dead animals, like birds of prey, vultures and ravens, owls, and waterfowl that eat forbidden water animals.

All winged insects are forbidden for dietary purposes, except locusts, crickets, and grasshoppers.

Swarming and creeping animals and reptiles were unclean.

Instructions for handling animal carcasses were given.

The point of these instructions was “to make a difference between the unclean and the clean, and between the living thing that may be eaten and the living thing that may not be eaten” (11:47).

Leviticus 12 begins ceremonial purity rules for people.  When a woman gave birth to a child, she was unclean, just a she was during her monthly cycle.  Her time of uncleanliness depended on the gender of her child:

  • If it’s a girl, the mother was unclean for 14 days and has to sit out an additional 66 days before she can be pure.
  • If it’s a boy, she is unclean for  7 days and has to wait an extra 33 days more.  Coincidentally (or maybe  not), a boy was circumcised on the eighth day.

This was considered purification time.  When that time was over, she had to offer two sacrifices as atonement: a burnt offering and a sin offering.

Leviticus 13 gives instructions for handling skin disease.  These would include: scaly flakes, itchy blotches, bald spots, and open sores.  Directions were given on how a priest would go about determining whether someone had a skin disease that would make a person unclean.

We also see instructions for clothes with “leprosy.”   Which actually meant that clothes were molded or mildewed, and it wouldn’t wash out.  In this case, clothes were to be burned.

That’s it for today.  Go over to WB Moore’s Biblical Insights to read his thoughts on today’s passage.

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Bible Reading 2020 Day 46

ChronBibBlogToday’s Reading:  Leviticus 8-10

Leviticus 8 shows Moses following God’s commands to ordain Aaron and his sons, as detailed in Exodus 29.  

Leviticus 9 shows Aaron and his so–ns offering the commanded sacrifices for their own sins, and then for the sins of the sons of Israel.  They offered a sin offering, burnt offering, peace offering, and a grain offering (verses 1-17), then they offered all of the sacrifices, except for the grain offering, for the people(verses 18-22). According to verse 6, the purpose of these offerings was for God’s glory to appear:

Moses said, “This is the thing which the Lord has commanded you to do, that the glory of the Lord may appear to you.”

In verses 23-24, we see that glory appear and the people worshiped God:

Moses and Aaron went into the tent of meeting. When they came out and blessed the people, the glory of the Lord appeared to all the people. Then fire came out from before the Lord and consumed the burnt offering and the portions of fat on the altar; and when all the people saw it, they shouted and fell on their faces.

Leviticus 10 shows another fire from Heaven.  This fire was God’s judgment in response to a “strange fire” offered up by Nadab and Abihu. These were the two oldest sons of Aaron.  They put incense in the pan, but it was not the holy incense they were commanded to use.  This shows the seriousness of God when it comes to obeying His commands.

Then, God instructed Aaron  not to drink wine or strong drink when he and  his sons come into the tent of meeting.  Moses then gave further instructions about the eating the sacrifices.

After giving this instruction, we see Moses upset when the sin offering could not be found. The breast of the goat, which was a wave offering was to be eaten by the priests. So, Moses looked for the meat from the sin offering which Eleazar and Ithamar, had just offered.  Moses thought these two sons had also disobeyed God’s instructions. Moses went to Aaron.

Aaron’s response is found in verses 19-20:

But Aaron spoke to Moses, “Behold, this very day they presented their sin offering and their burnt offering before the Lord. When things like these happened to me, if I had eaten a sin offering today, would it have been good in the sight of the Lord?” When Moses heard that, it seemed good in his sight.

Go over to see WB Moore’s Biblical Insights on toy’s reading.

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